Early Childhood Education is a non-compulsory educational stage that takes place from 0 to 6 years old and comprises two cycles of three courses each
The Early Childhood Education is the stage of non – compulsory education and therefore voluntary, comprising from 0 to 6 years.
It is organized in two educational cycles, the first from 0 to 3 years old and the second from 3 to 6 years old. Although it is a voluntary stage, the second cycle is very generalized and practically 100% of the students of this age are in school. The objectives, the organization, the contents and the evaluation criteria, as well as the requirements that the centers have to meet in the first cycle of this stage are regulated by the autonomous communities. In the second cycle, the competition belongs to the Ministry of Education and Widad Professional Training together with the educational authorities of each autonomous community.
Early Childhood Education aims to contribute to the intellectual, physical, emotional and social development of children. Therefore, it provides comprehensive training that allows you to exercise different skills, build personality, promote emotional development and mitigate cultural and socioeconomic inequalities.
During this stage, different educational activities are carried out so that girls and boys develop capacities that allow them:
- Know your own body and that of others, learning and respecting differences.
- Detect and explore their family, social and natural environment.
- Acquire autonomy in their usual activities.
- Develop their affective capacities.
- Relate with others and obtain designs of coexistence, social relationship and learn resolving conflicts.
- Develop communication skills.
- Get started in logical-math, reading-writing, movement, gesture and rhythm skills.
The Early Childhood Education stage is divided into two cycles of three school years each:
First cycle (0-3 years): it is taught in nursery schools and is normally divided into three homogeneous age groups.
Second cycle (3-6 years): it is taught in nursery schools or nursery and primary education centers and is divided into three kindergarten courses. In general, the second cycle of Early Childhood Education is taught at the same center as the Primary Education stage.
Through practical activities and games, the different contents of this stage are worked on that will allow the girls and boys to achieve the set objectives.
In the second cycle of Early Childhood Education the following three areas of knowledge are worked on:
- Self-knowledge and personal autonomy
- Knowledge of the environment
- Languages: communication and representation
The educational administrations and schools are responsible for developing and completing the different educational content that will be dealt with in each of the two cycles of Early Childhood Education.
Thus, in the second cycle, a first approach to the foreign language is promoted, especially in the last year, as well as to literacy, basic numerical skills, ICT and visual and musical expression. For more articles like this one, click here.